Termites are a common problem in many homes, and if they are not treated properly they can cause some serious damage. Learning how to get rid of termites is not that difficult as there is so much information available, and many companies that offer this service. But the methods you use should be determined by the level of infestation you have, so this will need to be looked into more carefully.
You may just want to put in some preventive measures if you are not showing any signs of termites in your property. This is always advisable as you never know when they are going to arrive until it is too late. There are a few preventive methods you can use to prevent them from eating their way through your home, it is important that you learn to see the signs of termite infestation.
Although there are a lot of different types of termites, they are all part of one of three different groups: Drywood termites, dampwood termites and subterranean termites. The name of each group implies how and where they live, so in order for you to learn how to get rid of termites effectively you need to know the type you have and the best treatment for that type.
Signs of Termites
In most cases, people start noticing them after the most of the wood has been devoured leaving unstable shells. The good news is that there are numerous ways of detecting termites and taking measures to eliminate them before they can make any significant damage to your property.
Common signs of termites to look out for
Mud leads and tunnels
The presence of mud tunnels running on house structures such as concrete posts, walls, brickwork and concrete slabs is a strong sign that your building is at risk of being infested by termites. Termites typically construct these mud tunnels to help guide the colony when burrowing through the structure for food or water is impossible.
Always be on the lookout for small tunnels (referred to as leads) outside the house, especially on top of the denser structural material like brickwork and concrete materials since the termites find it hard to make tunnels through them. These tunnels are very clear signs of termites’ presence, and should be acted on accordingly.
The presence of swarming reproductives on windows sills or nearby lights is a sure sign that your home is, or will imminently be infested by termites. In case the swarmers are coming out of the house, then this is a sign that the structure has already been infested. On the other hand, their presence outside of the house is natural, but could be a big indication that there is a termite colony within the vicinity of your house.
Arboreal nests are termite colonies that take the appearance of growths on a tree. While these colonies are typically made by non-dangerous termite species, there is always a chance that they can feed on the timber used to construct various parts of your house.
Wings discarded by the reproductives are another strong indication of a termite infestation. These can typically be found on windowsills, near emergency sites or entangles in cobwebs. Shelter tubes running the length of piers, foundation walls or utility entrances are also indications of infestation.
This is one of the most important signs of termites and of their infestation of your home. It is important examine any wood if it makes a dull thudding or hollow sound when struck by a hammer or screwdriver. The oldest way of locating these pests in wood involves using a sharp, pointed like a screwdriver to probe suspected areas. This method is quite slow and tedious and can cause significant damage to the structure thus necessitating repairs.
Always be on the lookout for signs of termites
Every day, homes all over the United States are being infested by these damaging termites. The insects will work quietly and devastate you house from the inside leaving you with a little chance of detecting them. It is therefore important that you learn all the signs of termites in order to improve your chances of detecting them on time and taking action on them right away.
How to get rid of termites – 3 effective methods
Learn how to get rid of termites with these effective methods. There are many different ways of approaching this, and a lot will depend of the level of infestation you are experiencing in your home. But as soon as you see any signs of termites you should take action and implement one or more of these methods to try and get rid of them as soon as you can.
Bait Stations: Using bait stations to lure in termites and feed them poison is a very popular and effective method for keeping control of any termite invasion. The way they work is by placing them into the ground every ten feet around the perimeter of your property. The stations are filled with wood and cellulose (termites like to eat cellulose too). You then need to check the station every 30 days or so, and if you see termites on any of them you then change the inside over for the toxicant that goes in it.
The termites will then be exposed to the toxicant and they will also pass it on to other members of the colony. It is an effective way of keeping the termite levels under control. This method is good for using on subterranean termites.
Sentricon makes such a program. FMC makes FirstLine, a termite baiting station utilizing an insecticide stomach poison in a cellulose matrix. FMC is modifying their item to incorporate untreated stations that last longer than treated bait stations. The bait can be a cellulose food treated with termiticide, a toxic substance and/or insect growth regulator. The food is wood or laminated-texture cellulose, which is favoured by termites. Termites eat the treated food and carry it back towards the nest, lowering the size with the colony. The termiticide inside the bait works slowly sufficient that termites have a opportunity to go back towards the nest as an alternative to dying near the bait, since dead termites repel other termites.
Orange oil: If you have already found drywood termites feeding on any area of your property then you can use orange oil to kill them off. You have to drill a bore hole into the wooden area that the termites are feeding on, and then inject the oil into the holes. Direct contact with the oil will kill the termites off. This is an old method, and when people wanted to know how to get rid of termites 50 years ago, this was the preferred method.
Termite spray: If you have a problem with dampwood termites, then one effective solution is to use a termite spray. This is an easy way to apply the termiticide to the affected areas, and it does a great job of killing all of the termites that are feeding.
If your termite infestation has reached such a level that all of the other methods you have tried are just not effective any more, then you might want to try fumigation. This is an expensive treatment and will mean that you need to vacate your home for about two days while it is being fumigated.
The way it works is a large canvas tarp is put up that envelops your entire property. The fumigation process then begins and it will kill off all termites that are present at the time. It is very effective, and should get rid of the whole colony. But you are looking at a cost of around $2000 and up, depending on the size of your property.
So if you are showing signs of termites in and around your home then you need to learn how to get rid of termites effectively now. They can cause huge amounts of damage if they are not controlled, so do not leave it any longer before they take over your home entirely.
How can buildings be protected against termites?
Manage methods for termites can basically be divided into two sorts, prevention and therapy. Preventative measures are very easily applied throughout the construction of new buildings, but some (eg. stainless steel mesh, or perhaps a layer of granite chips) aren’t quite appropriate for existing buildings or structures.
Prevention of Attack
Constructing style can decrease the probabilities of termite harm. Crucial methods incorporate decreasing the quantity of timber utilised in buildings, a appropriately created concrete slab with edges exposed for inspection for termite activity, or provision for uncomplicated under-floor inspections of timber floors. Installation of a reticulated program below the concrete slab may also to enable chemical barriers to be applied and re-applied whenever required.
Therapy of a termite infestation in an existing structure also demands an integrated approach, such as destruction of termites inside the timber structures, measures to find and destroy the termite nest, re-establishment of a chemical and/or physical barrier, and common inspections to detect any ongoing or new termite activity.
For existing buildings, when the place of infestation have already been detected, chemical therapy is generally the top choice. It destroys termites and re-establishes a barrier.
Active Ingredient Imidacloprid a member with the somewhat new class of chemicals referred to as chloronicotinyls . It truly is utilized to produce a barrier or treated zone inside the soil exactly where it attracts termites, which die inside the treated zone.
Brand – Premise, from Bayer
Kind – Chloro-Nicotinyl (an insect nerve inhibitor)
Toxicity – Rated S5. “Practically non-toxic” each oral and dermal.
Odour – This water-based insecticide is virtually odourless.
Longevity – The label claims “at least two years”. Bayer advise us that they’re intending to re-label claiming five years.
Bayer’s printed data states “At CSIRO test web-sites, Premise was successful for a minimum of two years with far more than 6 years manage attain at some internet sites. Trial function in infested buildings has shown that much more than 90 per cent are nonetheless termite free of charge 5-6 years right after therapy.
Bayer also claim that Imidacloprid has some indirect colony manage impact. In other words, it is going to kill termites without having repelling them, and can have a negative impact on the wellness and numbers of any colony infesting the immediate location.
Brand -Termidor from BASF
Active Ingredient Fipronil – Benzisothiazolin
Toxicity -Rated S6, oral-harmful if swallowed, dermal-may irritate skin, will not readily penetrate skin. Repeated exposure may well trigger allergic reaction.
Odour – has a slight vegetable oil smell.
Longevity – re-treatment each and every five years needs to be expected.
Termidor was launched in 2002 right after some presentations from the USA, exactly where it’s employed extensively. It has rapidly built up a reputation as “the best” termiticide, mainly because of claims created that it has powerful indirect colony manage effects. The effectiveness of Fipronil as a termiticide is beyond doubt. Fipronil is an really low toxic active insecticide. It is applied by pouring on the trenching and soil rodding as a chemical soil barrier about existing structures, and could also be applied by spraying, to guard poles and fence posts. More info here.
Accordingly, Termite Control Specialists regards this item as “top with the range” and its price premium is typically worthwhile on jobs exactly where a continuous soil therapy is unlikely to be achievable on account of creating characteristics.
Termite Control Specialists can’t guarantee that colony manage will happen, given that this may depend on a lot of components such as the termite pressure about the specific places treated. The most beneficial security is achieved by the formation of a continuous soil therapy in conjunction using a often monitored termite baiting program.
How to Kill Flying Termites
While flying termites are the breeding adults that will not cause any noticeable damage to your home by themselves, they have the potential to produce tens of thousands of wood chewing offspring. In case you ever notice these swarmers near or inside your house, then chances are your home is already infested.
Every colony will have flying termites, they are a link in the chain of their existence and reproduction. By killing off the flying termites you are breaking that link in the chain and preventing them from producing more offspring.
How to identify flying termites
People often confuse winged termites with flying ants. While both have a black to shiny brown appearance, winged termites appear to have two main body parts, a head and a thick long body while ants have 3 distinct body segments. Swarmers have two long similarly sized wings and straight antenna while ants have two short wings with curved antennae.
How to eliminate flying termites
If the termites are coming from outside your home, they you should purchase a zapper. The electric zapper is effective when installed just outside your house. Turn off all your exterior lights and in absence of other sources of light, they will all be attracted to your bug zapper which kills them.
If you notice any flying termites coming out of your house, then this is a sign that you have a major termite infestation on your hands. Look for other signs of infestation such as mud tubes and tunnels to try to locate the colony. You will notice both winged and un-winged termites coming out of these mud tubes.
In case you discover a colony in or near you house, then the most effective way of terminating the winged termites is to kill the entire colony. In such a situation, it would be wise to hire a professional pest control expert since destroying colony requires a lot of work and expertise.
Using termiticides to kill off flying termites
If you want to deal with the termite colony yourself, then the surest method is to use termite baits and a liquid termiticide. Most people prefer using the bait system since it is more user friendly and it does not contaminate the soil as much as the liquid termiticides. The system involves attracting the termites to a contaminated source of food.
Once consumed, the poison interferes with their ability to digest wood. This way, the entire population of the colony, and most importantly, the queen termites slowly starve to death. This method, is however slow since it can take a long time for all the termites to ingest the poison.
Though they are not as destructive as the un-winged workers, flying termites are even more dangerous. This is because they have the ability to reproduce and start a new colony whenever they find the right conditions. It is therefore important that you take measures to ensure that they are not attracted to form colonies in or near your home. Treating the exposed wooden components with repellents, using bug zappers to kill them whenever they come near your house and eliminating nearby colonies are just some of the steps you can take to avert a infestation of flying termites and the rest of their colony.
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